NSC800 Conversion

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Work in progress!

NSC800.jpg


What is this all about?

Motivated by 2 things

  • discovery (to me) of the NSC800 Z80 processor that is 80C85 like
  • continuing to work in the direction of CP/M

I have invested some time and effort in developing a conversion that supports NSC800 operation in the M100, both for standard BASIC use, as well as CP/M (in conjunction with REXCPM). Partly this has been motivated simply by curiosity. However, in CP/M it actually broadens the software applicability since quite a bit of CP/M software is Z80.

If you have an interested in doing this conversion please get in touch with me at Twospruces at --the google mail service.

There are 2 areas of change that are needed. Firstly you have to adapt the NSC800 to the 80C85 socket. There are a couple of tradeoffs to make. Secondly, the NSC800 needs to use a slightly different Main ROM.

To get started on this project, one can leverage the work done in the past. In fact an NSC800 conversion for 80C85 was posted back in the early 80s for S100 computers equipped with an 8080/8085 processor board. The information is posted below, from Microsystems September 1984.

NSC800 conversion1.JPG

NSC800 conversion2.JPG

This article lists considerations; from my work in M100 the things that any adapter has to deal with are listed below.

  1.  Inversion of the interrupt signals
  2.  Conversion of the 50/50 duty cycle RST7.5 signal to a 100 usec low pulse (NSC800 is level triggered not edge).
  3.  4.9152 MHZ clock generation circuitry.
  4.  And in the case of a dual processor conversion, certain NSC800 signals are not tri-state in RESET.

Note: it seems that the M100 RAM/ROM and REX are all tolerant of the short opcode fetch read/write cycle. So, no wait state generator appears to be needed.

While I have implemented both a DUAL 80C85/NSC800 CPU adapter, and a SINGLE NSC800 CPU conversion, I prefer the single conversion for it's simplicity.

1CPU NSC800 conversion PCB

The current schematic is here. So far so good. May change.

1CPU_schem.PNG

Layout is being optimized. Current layout is here as an example, but this board is not done yet. Gives you a sense for what's involved.

The BOM is pretty short

  - PCB
  - NSC800 CPU  3MHz variety  (UTsource is good)
  - socket for M100 main board
  - 74HC04 buffer/inverter
  - 4.9152 MHz Oscillator + 2x 27pf caps
  - low profile pin arrangement for connecting PCB to M100 80C85 socket
  Note:  due to height restrictions, you have to solder the NSC800 processor to the adapter (trying to resolve this)


1CPU_pri.PNG


1CPU_sec.PNG


Modified M100 Main ROM

As mentioned, since the interrupt control mechanisms in NSC800 are slightly different, the M100 main ROM needs to be patched to support NSC800.

The NSC800 patch needs extra code space to be created in the ROM. To do that, an original patch has been verified that creates a block of unused space in the main ROM as published by Microsoft.

File:Base patch.zip

Once this base patch is applied to the ROM, you have space now for the next set of patches, here.


File:Patch nsc800.zip


All these patches rolled up into a binary: (here I used the T102 base ROM as the starting point)

File:M102 nsc800.zip


These are what I use today. If I find bugs I will post updates.